For the past year or so I have been using rsync to deploy my sites, which has worked perfect for me until recently.
I have recently switched to using a simple post-receive hook using a bare repo on the server. I find this works a lot better for me now as it means all I need to do is "push".
First you need to setup the repo on your server, I normally set it up in /var/git/site.com for example. This will be a bare git repo, so it will not contain any of your own code. To set this up simply run the following inside your /var/git/site.com folder:
git init --bare
This will initialize the repository, allowing you to push your code to it.
The next step is to tell git where to check your code out too. I usually use /var/www/site.com. For this, I use a very simple post-receive hook that checks the code out to the folder, and runs composer install. You would place the following in /var/git/site.com/hooks/post-receive:
WORKING_DIR=/var/www/site.com; GIT_WORK_TREE=$WORKING_DIR git checkout -f; cd $WORKING_DIR && composer install -o;
One thing to remember is to make the file executable by running the the following command:
chmod +x /var/git/site.com/hooks/post-receive
Now that the repo and post receive hooks are setup, we need to setup your development machine's git remotes. The easiest way to do this is:
git remote add production firstname.lastname@example.org:/var/git/site.com
This will mean that you can simply run the following command to deploy your website:
git push production master
You can obviously add anything else you wish to the post-receive hook, such as clearing cache, flushing cdn etc. I currently have most of mine set to restart php-fpm after composer install.
service php5-fpm restart
If you have any questions, or i have missed anything, then please let me know below.